I’m particularly interested in low bandwidth solutions. My connection to the internet is pretty rough 20mbps down and 1mbps up with no option to upgrade.

That said, this isn’t limited to low bandwidth solutions.

I’m planning on redoing my entire setup soon to run on Kubernetes followed by expanding the scope of what my server does (Currently plex, a sftp server and local client backups). Before i do that i need a proper offsite backup solution.

    • @lps2
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      610 months ago

      I wish I had data that could fit on an SD card - I too don’t have off-site backups mostly due to expense. I have one other friend that is into homelabbing but for us to each backup on each other’s hardware would be ~$2k/each. Probably more on his end because I believe he’s using a consumer NAS without the room for additional expansion whereas I have a 25 bay commercial setup that’s only 1/5 populated at the moment

    • PrettyFlyForAFatGuyOP
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      10 months ago

      Tbh my current plan was to just put the data on a hard drive and post it to my parents once a week/month.

      Saving on an SD card definitely seems kind of sketch tho. they are notoriously unreliable

  • @Starfighter@discuss.tchncs.de
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    10 months ago

    Might not fit into your plans but if you run Proxmox you can easily backup to an offsite computer (or VM) running Proxmox Backup Server (PBS).

    From their website:

    By supporting incremental, fully deduplicated backups, Proxmox Backup Server significantly reduces network load and saves valuable storage space. With strong encryption and methods of ensuring data integrity, you can feel safe when backing up data, even to targets which are not fully trusted.

  • I don’t back up anything I can rebuild. I have multiple half-assed methods in use together for the rest of it:

    • Backups daily of homedirs on desktops and laptops using Borg and Vorta to external usb drives. These devices get rotated out annually. I used to run 2-disk RAID1 and when I rotated the disks out, split them and sent them to family but now I’m taking my chances on having them local and putting them in a fireproof box.
    • Code repos are synced to github or srht.
    • Monthly backups of homedirs are sent via borg to rsync.net.
    • Desktop and laptop homedirs get periodic (roughly monthly) burns to Dual-Layer BDRs which I put in the fireproof box and sometimes hand off to family.
  • Philip
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    410 months ago

    My setup is running in k8s.

    I have autorestic running in a container in a pod. The container mounts the volumes from the pod, I want to have backed up. It then runs every 6 hours(easily changed via a cron expression).

    The config in autorestic describes the backends(servers), that it should backup to. Currently I have 3 servers, that it is backing everything up to.

    I have also added extra functionallity to autorestic, to make it create a dump of a database before the backup runs.

    • @dotdotslash@feddit.de
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      110 months ago

      Same… Backup every night with ntfy.sh push if successfully or failed (never failed)

      Need restore some times because docker containers run in latest state and sometimes they deployed faulty versions like wallabag atm.

  • @pound_heap@lemm.ee
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    310 months ago

    Not my solution, but I liked an idea and thinking to use it too - copy backups on external HDD and put it into your car trunk. Maybe have two drives in rotation.

    It eliminates a need to drive somewhere for rotation, and any cost of renting a safebox.

    Doesn’t protect from a serious disaster like forest fire or earthquake or nuclear war, but I keep the most important data in cloud, and if my house and car burns I would be having other problems than worrying about some homelab snapshots.

    • @alphafalcon@feddit.de
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      310 months ago

      Very neat idea, but I’d explicitly add strong encryption to that method, cars do get broken into.

      I’d encrypt every off-site backup, but a car is a bit more exposed than a rented safe box.

    • PrettyFlyForAFatGuyOP
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      -310 months ago

      actually not a bad idea. i live in a flat so my car is parked in a car park like 200m away from my property. if my entire town goes up in smoke then i imagine that losing data would be the least of my problems

  • Nomecks
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    10 months ago

    I use the AWS cli to sync the data to S3 on an hourly scheduled task, then I lifecycle it down to Glacier instant access after a day. This winds up being relatively cheap and simply updates changed data, which keeps bandwidth utilization low.

    I originally did this as a really cheap Dropbox alternative, but it works pretty good for backup files too.

  • 486
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    210 months ago

    Any backup software that supports incremental backup should work similarly bandwitdth-wise. I like Restic. You can even do incremental backups with plain rsync, if you want. If your data does not change much, than you should be okay. For the initial backup run it would be helpful if you have physical access to the remote location so you can bring a full backup there without having to upload it through your slow uplink.

    • PrettyFlyForAFatGuyOP
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      Definitely an option if I’m a bit more selective with what i back up. At the moment for the client backups i’m zipping and encrypting the entire home folder for each client once a week. I could probably write something that looks for file changes and uploads just those

      • @socphoenix@midwest.social
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        10 months ago

        rsync is your friend. No need to write something that already exists! A simple “rsync -aP /directory/folder/ /backup/solutionFolder” is all it really needs. the / at the end of the first directory search tells it to backup the contents inside the folder to the folder listed after the space.

        Edit: also works over ssh: “rsync -aP /directory/folder/ user@remote:/backup/solutionFolder”

  • @sudneo@lemmy.world
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    210 months ago

    For Kubernetes you can use Velero. I tried it, but I didn’t like it (overly complex for my use case), so I wrote my own tool.

    Essentially the strategy for me is fairly straightforward, but it depends on the data you have.

    I have mostly 2 types:

    • manifests and configuration. This I have all in git (as I am using flux).
    • persistent volumes. I use openEBS, but for a low resources cluster I use host volumes only. For these I have written my tool that simply runs as a daemonset with the whole root of the host mounted in RO and the DAC_read_search capability, queries the API for volumes and backs up using restic the whole PV to Backblaze. Incidentally, this is also the same way I do all my other backups, outside K8s (I.e.borg or restic to b2).

    I chose b2 mostly for the price, but any s3 will do. Since all I am uploading there is encrypted anyway, I don’t need to worry about the privacy implication of having a third party potentially having access to my data.

  • krolden
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    210 months ago

    Multiple ~2tb seedboxes. They can just get shut randomly but I haven’t had that happen to me.

    Cheap storage

  • codefossa
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    210 months ago

    @PrettyFlyForAFatGuy@lemmy.ml Remote backups might be rough with that upload speed. For example, you will be looking at over 2 hours per GiB uploaded.

    I personally have a 3 node setup using kubernetes and I run longhorn for volume management. I do hourly snapshots, and then daily backups of all volumes to an additional drive on one of my 3 nodes with a simple NFS server which is also running in kubernetes. In longhorn I keep 2 replicas of every volume as well so losing one doesn’t hurt anything.

    I would imagine it would be pretty easy in this case to replace my local NFS with AWS storage and then I would have remote backups, but since I back up roughly 100 GiB per day that would be a little time consuming. At my 50 Mbps that’s about 4.5 hours, though remote backups could be done less often as a last resort backup.

    • PrettyFlyForAFatGuyOP
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      Yeah it is pretty rough although the files don’t necessarily change all that much so if i can set up a backup somewhere and prepopulate it with my data as it stands now then incrementally keep it update it with nightly jobs then i’m hoping it’ll mostly be done by the morning.

      My backup backup plan would be to buy a couple high capacity solid state disks and either take them myself or mail them to my parents once a week. The mailman has pretty high bandwidth, even if the latency is rather rough

  • @thegeka@lemmy.bloodmoon-network.de
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    10 months ago

    I use the Proxmox Backup server to backup my VM’s.

    For Kubernetes Pvc’s I save a snapshot of the underlying block device(CephRBD) to a borg repo on my shared filesystem(CephFS) which is backed up to Backblaze.

  • @hydralisk
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    210 months ago

    I am a fan of using Restic. More specifically using Autorestic, which is a wrapper that allows you to easily configure restic using yaml files. Since all of my services are in docker containers, I just have a hook to shutdown all my containers, do the backup, and then run all my containers again. Downtime is not an issue since it just runs when I would be sleeping. Just have it backup to Backblaze B2, which I think you get 10GB free, which is plenty for me right now.

  • Freeman
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    10 months ago

    I do it 3 ways.

    1. Critical stuff (photos, documents etc) is synced in realtime to backblaze. Low RPO. Low RTO.

    2. Critical stuff is also backed up to a secondary NAS 2x per day for versioned backups. And that data is synced nightly to Backblaze. Higher RPO but also Higher RTO.

    3. All data from secondary NAS/Backup NAS is backed up nightly to 1 of 3 large external hard drives that are rotated monthly. Each disk holds ~30 days of backup archives from #2.

    • Most recently pulled disk is stored off site. Oldest disk is brought back on site but stored in a UL rated fire safe
  • @ipkpjersi@lemmy.one
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    110 months ago

    I have a cottage, so I rsync to my computer there, and I also have a computer and Synology NAS there for further backups. If I end up selling the cottage though… I’m not sure lol. I don’t really have anything too too irreplaceable honestly outside of stuff I already backup to multiple cloud backups too.