Principle of explosion

Consider two contradictory statements—“All lemons are yellow” and “Not all lemons are yellow”—and suppose that both are true. If that is the case, anything can be proven, e.g., the assertion that “unicorns exist”, by using the following argument: …

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Carnap quote. Do you agree?

‘The acceptance or rejection of abstract linguistic forms, just as the acceptance or rejection of any other linguistic forms in any branch of science, will finally be decided by their efficiency as instruments, the ratio of the results achieved to the amount and complexity of the efforts required.’ …


The Simpson’s paradox is a paradox in probability and statistics in which a trend appears in several groups of data but disappears or even reverses when the groups are combined. This result is often encountered in social-science and medical-science statistics and is particularly problematic when fre…

Simpson's paradox

Sir Karl Popper (1902-1994)

Popper’s way of demarcating science from pseudo-science is to say that conjectures which cannot be criticised and tested empirically are useless, and not science. He was deeply influenced in this view by two twentieth century intellectual developments, and the contrast between them. After centuries …

Thomas Kuhn Paradigm Shift

The enormous impact of Thomas Kuhn’s work can be measured in the changes it brought about in the vocabulary of the philosophy of science: besides “paradigm shift”, Kuhn raised the word “paradigm” itself from a term used in certain forms of linguistics to its current broader meaning. …

CONSPIRACY - occam's razor

One of the most fundamental principles of reasoning and investigation is what has come to be known as Occam’s Razor. Named after the 14th century logician William of Occam, it is the principle which favors the least complicated of two or more possible explanations for an observation. Needless to say…

LessWrong online community

“… a community dedicated to improving our reasoning and decision-making.”…

A translation of Agamben’s newest and most striking blog post on the epidemic, is to point to an “Illichian” background or frame for understanding both the debates and the ongoing crisis. …

Philosophers views through the ages about the legitimacy of colonialism

During the centuries several philosophers debated about the legitimacy of colonialism (and imperialism). Where some were trying to legitimize the (brutal) practice of conquest and colonialism others struggled with the tension between universalistic concepts such as human rights and the realities of …

Panopticon as a metaphor for the 21th century work place

They are like so many cages, so many small theatres, in which each actor is alone, perfectly individualized and constantly visible. …

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