Venceremos!

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Cake day: Mar 23, 2022

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I havent watxhed the video but is the title literal?



This is a sticker from Unidade Popular - (UP!) a recently created (2019) brazilian marxist-leninist party. It has it's origins in movements that fight for better life conditions for those living in the perifery of our country, such as the MLB (Movimento de luta nos bairros, vilas e favelas). ![](https://lemmygrad.ml/pictrs/image/f85618cf-9c2d-48eb-8799-f39298d5f8bb.webp) UP defends that only through socialism we will be able to end racism, hunger and poverty in Brasil. The name of the party is inspired by Allende's Unidade Popular, but this is not their only inspiration, they also uphold the Black Panther Party as an example to be followed. The party is small and very young, so they have a lot of potential to grow. In the elections that will happen this sunday, they have one candidate running for president - one of the founders and current president of the party Leonardo Péricles. Although he has no real chance to win,specially after being censored by the bourgeois media, the idea is to use the election as a means to present the party and its popular project to the population and advance in reorganizing the working class. ![](https://lemmygrad.ml/pictrs/image/d16aec3e-c88c-49e8-8810-fd47065c6b2b.jpeg) Decided to bring this to you guys because I wont be able to finish all my gigaposts before the elections, so I'll post some stuff before the elections this sunday just for you guys to know the MLs of Brasil and what we are up to
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Snowden was actually going to Ecuador but US cancelled his passport while he was flying to Russia to get a connection


I agree with everything, except the net parasite thing, with this I partialy agree.

Maybe its because I am from a third world country where inequality is insane but most of those who are “well paid” are not net parasites. They do produce surplues value but its extraction is so insane with everyone else that when it is not that gigantic with a specific type of worker they appear closer to the ruling class than to the working class, but this is not true, and that was my point. Here you need more or less R$ 5000,00 month to live “well”. But the minimum wage is R$ 1000,00 and more than a half of us are living with less than that. So someone who makes R$ 20000,00 may look like its closer to the dominant class, but its not

I do know there is a context to the OG post related to lemmy that I honestly do not know about, I was just pointing that out

R$ = Reais (brazilian currency, I dont know these numbers in USD sorry)


Programmers are working class tho. I dont really know what happened or the people involved but I feel like I need to point this out.

Even if someone who works is well paid they are still working class. Salary does not determine class. Ownership of the means of production does.




Anglos: " Korea bad because its a monarchy. Kim dinasty must end" 😡

Also anglos:




They don’t have different perspectives, but they would like to get rid of him. The military has been occupying important postions since Michel Temer’s goverment, it didn’t start with Bolsonaro.

Temer rose to power after a impeachment on president Dilma from the Workers Party (PT) and quickly implemented several anti-democratic and neoliberal reforms that fucked everyone up.

This coup against PT was being planned for a long time with full support of the bourgeoisie, imperialistic forces and the army, but the idea was for someone a little more “contained” to rise to power. Like someone from PSDB, the main opposition party to PT during its governments.

Unfortunately, things got out of hand and Bolsonaro quickly rose in power through controversies. For exemple, he defended the military dictatorship in 64 and during Dilma’s impeachment, he dedicated his vote to the general that tortured her during that time. Not to mention the misoginist/LGBTphobic/racist comments.

He presented himself as the only one capable of having a real chance in defeating Lula in 2018 and this is why the bourgeoisie, army and the media supported him. His vice, Hamilton Mourão, is a general.

But Bolsonaro is dumb as fuck and simply cant shut the fuck up, so he is always involved in polemics, there are also several corruption scandals poping up and that genius is blocking and terminating every investigation (not sus at all). So the media and the army would rather have a more well behaved liberal to run the country instead of a walking mass.

Tldr; If Bolsonaro wins, the military won’t challenge him because he isnt the one in charge. The army is, and Bolsonaro knows that. The second he challenges the army he is gone and his vice would rise to power.


No, actually the opposite. This year we have elections and since his election in 2018 he has been trying to delegitimize the voting system. He constantly claims that it is being manipulated by the “comunists” for him to lose against Lula in the end of the year. (Lula is far from being a communist btw). Not only that but there are constant people in his goverment (and also people from the military) threatening a coup.

The army recently announced that they will “help” in the results appuration by having a parallel vote counting besides the oficial one.

Lula right now is leading the polls and he might even win in the first round but it doesnt matter because the Bolsonaristas hhave also been trying to delegitimize polls too.

If Lula wins and the army claim it was frauded, they could act claiming they are “protecting” the Brazilian democracy (the same BS they pulled last time)


Captain America was created when the US was still an apartheid. But now we have a new cap. A cap who isnt white. Who said people of color cannot support apartheid? 🌈🇺🇲🦅🌈🇺🇲 This is Cinema.



I couldn’t find anything in Wikileaks yet. Lets wait and see


I’m taking this with a grain of salt. I havent seen the video, only read the “leak”. Does he explain where is this document from in the video?



Hope you’re doing fine camarada. Fascists are all the same, the only difference is their nationality


Not much is known but there are already pictures of the terrorist and he has a black sun tattoo. Aparently he is also a Brazilian, which may be surprising for some but it shouldnt be. Just a few days ago Bolsonaro attacked the president of Chile during an electoral debate and he and his followers constantly refer to Cuba, Venezuela and Argentina as "communist countries" with their population "living in hunger". They legitimize this kind of violence everyday. Fortunately, fascists are dumb as fuck and his gun failed.
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This is the second post about Brazilian elections. The [first]( https://lemmygrad.ml/post/247441) one is a summary of the recent history of the country that led to the rise of fascism, from the end of the military rule in 1988 to the impeachment of president Dilma in 2016 and it focuses on Brazil’s internal politics. Today post is about American imperialism from 1988 to more or less 2007. The next posts will deal with imperialism from 2007 to now, Brazilian politics from 2016 to now, 2022 elections and at last, what are the communists planning. #90’s and the Washington Consensus In 1989, the Washington Consensus was formulated. Initially, it was a series of measures recommended by financial institutions such as the IMF, the World Bank and the US Treasury Department, to promote the economic development of developing countries. Obviously, this program follows the interests of the US bourgeoisie and can be seen as a guide to explain the various imperialist interventions that would take place in the coming years. Among the top 10 recommendations, the ones that interest us are privatization of state-owned enterprises, market-determined interest rates, elimination of trade protections for imports, "fiscal discipline" and deregulation - that is, neoliberalism. I highlight these points because they are, until today, basis of the Brazilian right policy-making. The 1980s in Latin America were characterized by economic stagnation. This, together with the fall of the USSR and the crisis of communist movements in the world, leaves Latin America at the mercy of neoliberalism. The main form of US domination over the region will be economic domination through debt and privatization. Brazil was going through a process of “redemocratization” after the end of the military rule that failed spectacularly in 88. Inflation was extremely high and economy was in shambles. Throughout the 1990s, all new “democratic” governments (Collor from 1990 to 1992 and Itamar Franco from 92 to 95) had the Washington consensus agenda as a priority. But no government followed them like that of Fernando Henrique Cardoso, or FHC, during his two terms from 1996 to 2001. Several state-owned companies were privatized, from the communications sector (Telebrás) to Railways. However, the most emblematic case is the privatization of the largest mining company in Brazil: [Vale do Rio Doce]( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vale_S.A.). Created in 1942 during the Getúlio Vargas government, it operates mainly (but not only) in the state of Minas Gerais with the extraction of iron, which is exported to central countries of the capitalist system. It was and is the largest company of its kind in Brazil and supporters of its sale argued that the company was causing damage to the state and was inefficient. However, it was sold while profiting, with an extremely low price (R$ 3.3 billion at the time) and without considering the vast reserves of iron it had. Many consider this to be a crime against the country (it’s called “lesa-pátria”). Not surprisingly, the assessment of how much the company would be worth was made by two foreign banks invited by FHC, which is further evidence of the action of imperialism in Brazilian national policies. The main excuse invented at the time was that privatization would help pay off the state's external debt, but the external debt only grew during the period. But not just debt: misery, unemployment and the cost of living also grew. The government, however, is generally remembered for stabilizing inflation through the [Plano Real]( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plano_Real). #Pink Tide Not every country in Latin America has bowed to the US. In 1999, Hugo Chávez was elected president of Venezuela and nationalized several key companies in the economy, and contrary to what is said by the mainstream media, this is not the cause of the Venezuelan crisis - on the contrary - during the 2010s the economy had good results. Chavez's importance goes beyond his anti-imperialist stance. After the fall of the USSR, he was the first to openly talk about revolution in Latin America, and his rise to power marks an important period in the region: The Pink Tide. In Brazil, this phenomenon arrived through the election of Lula in 2002. The Lula who was elected was very different from the Lula who was a candidate in 1989. He used to talk about class struggle, but now he had a more reformist perspective. Nonetheless, his government was the most progressive in the history of Brazil. Lula's government can be described as "social-liberal", as it abandoned the idea of class struggle in favor of class conciliation. To this day, Lula is proud that in his government, “businessmen never profited so much and the population never lived so well”. It was common for the government to forgive bourgeois debts and at the same time work to strengthen companies such as Petrobras and provide social assistance. However, as you well know, the interests of the bourgeoisie and the working class are irreconcilable and this policy of conciliation is the first link in a chain of events that would lead to the defeat of the PT. However, Lula's foreign policy was badass. Several cooperation projects between Brazil and Cuba were created, the most famous being the "Mais médicos". He took a stand against US intervention in Libya. In addition, he sought to strengthen economic blocs in which the country participated, such as Mercosur and the BRICS and defended multipolarity. It is easy to see that no matter how moderate Lula was nationally, he was still a problem for the USA. #FBI in Brazil In 2004, Carlos Alberto Costa exposed himself as the head of the FBI in Brazil and denounced a series of the organization's activities in the country. The FBI co-opted the Brazilian federal police so that they became dependent on US funding. One of the main activities carried out in Brazil was media manipulation and co-optation of ABIN (the Brazilian Intelligence Agency) which did not act to protect the country against, well, the FBI, but acted against members of the [MST](https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landless_Workers%27_Movement) (Landless Workers Movement – A movement of Marxist origin). [Source](https://memoria.ebc.com.br/agenciabrasil/noticia/2004-04-14/depoimento-de-ex-chief-do-fbi-no-brasil-ao-senado-sera-no-dia-28) In addition to subordinating the Brazilian police to foreign interests, they also had wiretaps on the president of the republic and facilitated DEA - Drug Enforcement Administration - operations in Brazil. The FBI had extensive access to Brazilian bank records and personal data. In addition, they also had wide access to federal police headquarters and Brazilian intelligence agencies. In other words, literally every kind of local intelligence department had been co-opted by imperialism. [Source](https://www.conjur.com.br/2004-abr-13/ministra_explicar_acusacoes_ex-cabe_fbi) Just as a side note, data on this event was very difficult to find, and I was hoping that something this serious would have had wide coverage in media, but apparently it didn't. I wonder why. \s # MINUSTAH and the army Lula's foreign policy, despite being much better than several other governments, made a mistake that would prove fatal. As well as the class conciliation project, this would be another link in the chain that would lead to the defeat of the PT and the rise of fascism in Brazil. In 2004, the president-elect in Haiti was deposed in a coup d'état. There has been US and French involvement in Haiti for many decades now and - unsurprisingly - they were also involved in the situation. The UN created a mission (MINUSTAH - United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti) to "stabilize" the situation in Haiti and Brazil agreed to lead the process militarily, while the US led the intervention politically. The situation in Haiti was bad for a [while](http://revistaopera.com.br/2021/07/19/haiti-o-brasil-aceitou-fazer-parte-do-projeto-de-controle-internacional-de-um-pais-militarizado). The country was the first republic founded by former slaves, born from a continuous and victorious struggle against the enslavers. And this is [unacceptable](https://revistaopera.com.br/2017/10/08/tropas-brasileiras-deixam-o-haiti-balancos-atuais-e-historicos/) for the west. The founding myth of the Haitian nation is anti-colonial in essence, so the only way to bend them to foreign powers is through force. It would be nice for someone to make a gigapost about Haiti. This country and the continuous intervention it suffers today is vital for us to understand how American imperialism works, since it is (along with French imperialism) what that keeps this nation on its knees. Brazil accepted to be part of the imperialist intervention in Haiti. Ironically, in the same way that an internationalist stance that supports the liberation of peoples can contribute to its own liberation, the Brazilian stance of support for imperialism brought it into the country and with it a brutal attack on the Brazilian people. The mission in Haiti was for the Brazilian army a “rehearsal” of what was to come in Brazil. The first leader of this operation was General Augusto Heleno. He was already in the army since the dictatorship (as a captain) and was against the redemocratization of the country. With the end of the regime he did not suffer any kind of punishment - on the contrary - he would become general and leader of MINUSTAH. In the mission, he and part of the Brazilian army spent years in contact with the US and French military. Currently, this wing of the Brazilian army is sometimes called the "Haitian wing" (“Ala Haitiana”). In 2005 Augusto Heleno led a [massacre](https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-violence-insight-idUSKCN1NY0GM) against the Haitian population. Leaks on Wikileaks show that more than 22,000 shots were fired and more than 70 people were killed, including children and women. This operation was supposedly to fight a criminal in the region. The massacres that escalated in the favelas of Rio de Janeiro in the late 2000s and later in favelas across all of Brazil have a grotesque resemblance to the episode. Currently, General Augusto Heleno, who left the mission in 2005, is part of Bolsonaro's fascist government, as are many other soldiers in the Haitian wing of the army. Most Haitians have been asking for the mission to end since 2010, but it only ended in 2016. This was an military occupation. It is the “purest” form of colonialism and imperialism. And everything the army learned in this adventure with the US was imported into the country. Massacres in favelas, of indigenous people and bourgeois oppression had never stopped after the end of the dictatorship, but with this new experience of the army, these events took on new forms and became increasingly brutal. In the last few weeks, the army has made a series of declarations on how they are the “protectors of democracy” and even announced they will create their own elections verification team. One of the leading groups of the army setting up this coup is – you guessed it – the Haitian wing. Another side note: While Brazil was massacring Haitians, Venezuela and Cuba helped Haiti by sending doctors and building infrastructure. Picture: Brazilian army during the Haiti occupation
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First of all, I'm sorry that I'm taking so long to write the second part of the [Gigapost](https://lemmygrad.ml/post/247441) about Brazil. Good news is: I just finished it , all I have to do now is translate it to english, so I might post it here tomorrow or even today. The second (and third) part is all about Imperialism, which is probably what interest non-brazilians the most. If you are from the imperial core, you must understand it to oppose it domestically. If you are from the third world, you must understand it because they have striking similarities and it should be easier for you to recognize it. Although I mainly focus about US imperialism in Brazil in the 2000' there is a big and very important part about brazilian imperialism in other latin american countries. I know it may sound weird, specially since Brazil is not part of the imperial core but yes, brazilian imperialism does exist and has existed a while, even though compared to US or France it's weak. The example I use in the text is of MINUSTAH, that UN occupation of Haiti led by US, France and ... Brazil Anyway, because it is not in the imperial core it may seen absurd to suggest that a third world country is imperialist, but it is not. Brazil has it's own national bourgeoisie and financial oligarchy, that wants to export capital to other countries. This is the basis for imperialism. But Brazil is dependent on the US and suffers with it's imperialism too, but the national bourgeoisie associates themselves with the international bourgeoisie (American/French/etc) in the exploitation of the workers of their own countries and in the exploitation of workers other countries. This way, brazilian imperialism acts as a "vector" to american imperialism in Latin america. ----------- Pic related, Fascist fucker Augusto Heleno confronting a supporter of the ex-president Aristide [Source](https://www.reuters.com/article/us-brazil-violence-insight-idUSKCN1NY0GM)
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Pic related: translation of a brazilian meme-page. As we have seen, libs have lost their minds both at the Ukraine and Taiwan situation and they are hating whoe the state dpt. tells them to. Things like this will keep happening, obviously, and we will likely engage in discussions on the internet (and most importantly, in real life) about this. I saw an post about someone asking how coukd we talk to people during protests ina succint way and, although we will not convert them overnight, I think I have an awnser for that post. I coundnt find it though and I have a question for you first world comrades, specially americans. Do you think presenting the fact that in all of the modern day conflicts (like Taiwan, Palestine, Ukraine, etc) USA is involved could have any effect? If China really is that bad why aren't they helping Russia sending weapons to them or something? Why arent Russia and China meddling in the Israel/Palestine situation? Why is the US involved in every single one of these situations when they have so much problem to deal with internally? I know some people would (again) call us Tankies and say "anti-americanism is not an ideology" but this can be easily dismissed by stating that US does this because loosing it's hegemony also means loosing their tight grip on the american people themselfs. The idea here is to link the american worker struggle to the anti-imperialist struggle. Is point out that the same government aiding neo-nazis in Ukraine is aiding neo-nazis in america, the same woman creating a fuss over Taiwan is a corrupt who is taking away from them even the most remote change they need and want. The same government killing us in the third world through their army is the one killing them through the cops, all while claiming they are here "to protect and serve". So opposing american imperialism is not just helping people out there in the world but also people here in the US. Do you guys think talking like this could ease the conversation and maybe break through people in a quick way? Obviously its not "deprograming" them but it's kinda giving them the chance to do so. What do you think?
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Something epic just happened
Whenever I watch videos of popular channels on youtube about political topics I look at the comment section and - unsurprisingly - it's shit. It normally looks like the child between a Twitter 🇺🇦-user frontpage and a 4-chan thread. But today, a popular Brazilian channel that focuses normaly on natural sciences but has also a "history" series, posted a video about the economic war because of 5G between USA and China. I didn't watch the video but the top comments were almost all of them defending China and calling out USA's hypocrisy.I wasn't ready for so much basedness in a place that normally is full of libs and reactionaries. I know it's a small thing, but this gives me a hope things will get better. And it also feels like radical left is rising in Brazil. I hope so. Maybe in a few years we will be strong enough to change this country for good
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Fascist attack in Brazil
Yesterday a Bolsonaro suporter invaded the birthday party of a member of the Workers Party (PT) in Brazil and killed him. Brazil has a strict firearm control, but you are allowed to have a gun. You must be registered to get a permission and even then, it is forbiden to carry your gun outside of your house. Bolsonaro has said he wanted to allow citizens to carry guns all the time. His supporter (Jorge) that killed the PT member works as prison guard and therefore, unlike citizens that are not cops, he can carry guns all the time. This guy was driving somewhere when he passed near the party. Marcelo - the member of the workers party - was outside and the man pointed a gun at the people screaming fascist slogans associiated with Bolsonaro and said he would come back to kill everyone there. (At the moment he had his wife and kid in the car) No one believed he would come back, but Marcelo, who worked as a municipal guard, decided to keep his gun just in case. When Jorge returned, Marcelo told him to freeze but Jorge shot him in his knee and he felt. When the fascist approched to execute him, he was able to shoot back 5 times before the second bullet killed him. It's unclear if the fascist survived, hopefully he didn't. When I have more info I will edit it here. If Marcelo didnt shot back at the guy I wouldn't be reporting a murder but a massacre. USA style. This is not the first time someone was killed by fascists in Brasil and I doubt it will be the last one. Bolsonaro has shown many signs that he won't accept defeat in the elections and that he is ready for a coup. Most people that still supports this guys are completely lost in their ideology and are willing to do anything to "preserve their way of life". In 2018 fascism was growing in Brasil, but today, even though Bolsonaro lost support, fascists are more radicalized than before and willing to do even more derranged shit, like the one reported above. Things will probably get worse as the election comes closer and the Brazilian left will need to create strategies to defend themselves and avoid a coup. ------------------------------------------------ If you don't know anything about Brasil I made a [Gigapost](https://lemmygrad.ml/post/247441) about it a while ago and I'm writing part 2. I want to finish it as soon as possible but I have a lot of things to do right now and it will have to wait, since it's about imperialism and therefore it might interest you guys more than the first part so I wanna do it right. Further reading: 1 - [Fascist terror in Brazil](https://www.brasilwire.com/incitement-to-murder-bolsonarista-terror-threatens-election/) 2 - [Army threats](https://www.brasilwire.com/brazilian-army-resumes-election-threats/) 3 - [Military plan for Brazil up to 2035](https://www.brasilwire.com/military-plans-control-of-brazils-manifest-political-destiny-until-2035/) Sources: 1 - [Telesur english](https://www.telesurenglish.net/news/Brazil-Bolsonaro-Supporter-Murders-Leader-of-Workers-Party-20220710-0008.html) 2 - [G1 a.k.a Globo](https://g1.globo.com/pr/parana/noticia/2022/07/10/em-audio-testemunha-descreve-a-morte-do-tesoureiro-do-pt-morto-a-tiros-na-propria-festa-de-aniversario.ghtml) (shit source, and it's in portuguese but here it is anyway)
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How safe from the imperialists is Lemmy?
This may look like a weird question btw. I see constantly people here worried about digital security, I see people using Tor, deleting social networks, and just sharing the different levels of security that they use. So I was wondering, how safe is Lemmy? Sure it doesnt collect info like Twitter and Meta does, but that doesnt mean its 100% safe. So what are the main problems we can have here? Is there anything the 3 letter agencies could exploit? Is there any preventive measures users could take?
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How does the US make people go to the army?
I have this friend that moved from Brazil to the US. She never cared about politics and now she has joined the fucking US army. I mean she really disliked anything remotely political and now this happens, wtf? I cant wrap my mind around it. How did this happen? Like, how does the US make people wanna join their stupid ass murder machine?
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Genivaldo was a black, poor schizophrenic man. He and his nephew were stopped by the Brazilian Federal Highway policeman, who held Genivaldo in the trunk of the police car after releasing tear gas inside. These fuckers made a literal gas chamber and suffocated a schizophrenic man to death. WITH HIS NEPHEW WATCHING! The nephew even told the nazis about his uncle and tried to explain the situation. [source](https://www.telesurenglish.net/news/Brazilian-Police-Suffocate-a-Person-With-Schizophrenia-to-Death-20220526-0014.html) Even worse, just TWO days ago in Rio police killed 11 more people in a slum. Bro every fucking month they kill 10-20 black poor men in slums because of the "war on drugs". This is a fucking genocide and honestly I have no idea WHY we havent burned every single police station to the ground yet. Its the bare minimum. EDIT: I made a [post](https://lemmygrad.ml/post/247441) explaining how things got to this point a while ago and I'm doing part 2 but havent finished it yet, I'll link it here just in case anyone wants to understand wtf is going on in this hellhole
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This is a big ass post, so here is a small summary: This is part 1 (yes there will be more) of me explaining some things about Brazil. Today I'll talk about it's recent history, from the US-backed dictatorship in 64 to the end of Dilma's government in 2016 and also about other important things, like our police force. 2022 elections, Imperialism, Bolsonaro's election, Brazilian communists strategies for achieving revolution and anything after Dilma's impeachment will be in future posts. Hope you like it! The pic is of protesters for and against Dilma's impeachment in 2016 #WHAT IS GOING ON? This year is an important year for Brazil. It's election year! And although electoralism is doomed to failure, it still is an important moment for discussing certain policies and radicalize the working class. But before we talk about the elections, the key players and the political strategies of each group, we have to understand it's context and why this is a critical year for us. I also hope that this helps you in your analysis of your country and maybe will help us understand better how the right wing is behaving worldwide and hopefully help us formulate strategies to counter them. #THE MILITARY DICTATORSHIP Back in the 60's, [João Goulart](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jo%C3%A3o_Goulart) became the president after [Jânio Quadros](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J%C3%A2nio_Quadros) renounced. Goulart, a social democrat, tried to implement several basic reforms with the objective of overcoming Brazilian underdevelopment, one of them being the agrarian reform. He was denounced as a communist and deposed on April 1, 1964, in a [US-backed coup d'état by the Brazilian military](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1964_Brazilian_coup_d%27%C3%A9tat). In 2012, the [Comissão Nacional da Verdade](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Truth_Commission) (CNV), Nacional Truth Comission in portuguese, was created by president Dilma. It's mission was to investigate human rights violations during the dictatorship era, and it found out that 8 thousand natives were murdered (this is literal genocide btw), 6 thousand military officials were persecuted and at least 434 people were killed by the regime. These are the numbers in CNV final [report released in 2014](http://cnv.memoriasreveladas.gov.br/), 30 years after the end of the regime, but the number of dead people could be (and to be honest, really is) bigger than that. At least [1000 mortal remains need to be identified](https://www.dw.com/pt-br/mais-de-mil-ossadas-de-vala-aberta-na-ditadura-ainda-aguardam-idendificação/a-54812193). This is not even mentioning tortures and other human rights violations. Still, no one was ever judged or responsibilized properly by these crimes, and the military refuses to acknowledge them properly, some even deny or downplay them. The dictatorship "ended" in 1985 and liberal democracy returned in 1988. I wrote "ended" in quotes because it didn't really end, at least in my point of view. The main reason why the regime was installed in the first place was to stop the much needed reforms Goulart was doing, but this would harm the bourgeoisie interests, so in order to protect them, liberals, conservatives and other reactionary forces of the society supported this coup, that had anti-communism as one of it's foundations. Many comrades were tortured and murdered back then, the most famous one being Marighella. When the dictatorship ended, although we had a huge popular movement like "Diretas Já", it was ended by the people in power, in a handshake basically. All the power structure, all the institutions remained untouched in this transition. The television network [Rede Globo](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TV_Globo) is a great example of this. During the military regime, it cooperated with the dictatorship and became the gigantic monopoly that it is today, and this has never changed. Even after 1988, they constantly manipulate presidential debates, news and spread propaganda for agribusiness and other sectors of the bourgeoisie. (If you want to understand Globo better, there is an old but amazing documentary called "[Beyond Citizen Kane](https://youtu.be/Wg9EYgKwXoo)".) Another important but often overlooked thing about the brazilian dictatorship is that it was used as a basis for building other military dictatorships in latin america, like in Chile and Argentina, and later would join in Operation Condor. They were essential for destroying communist movement in south america and bringing in american imperialism. #LULA'S GOVERNMENT In 1980, [the Workers Party](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Workers%27_Party_(Brazil)), Partido dos Trabalhadores or PT in portuguese, was founded by people who opposed the dictatorship. Initially, They were essential to defeat the dictatorship by organizing workers and protests all over the country. In 1989, Lula - one of the founder of the party and it's most known member - was PT's candidate in the first free elections of the new Brazilian democracy. [Lula](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luiz_In%C3%A1cio_Lula_da_Silva) began his carrear in unions and in 86 he won a seat in the congress. He was extremely popular and many people believed he was going to win [89 elections](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1989_Brazilian_presidential_election). But Globo presented an edited version of a debate between Lula and Collor (the other candidate) after the second round favoring Collor which many argue that influenced the elections. Collor won, and Lula would run for president in every election after that. Finally, in 2002, he was elected. Lula government was a huge success, and he left the government with the highest approval rates ever registered in this country. He was also the first truly left wing government in it's history, even if his government was far from radical. During this time, social welfare programs like [bolsa família](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bolsa_Fam%C3%ADlia) and [fome zero](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fome_Zero) were implemented and improved life conditions, lifting many people out of extreme poverty and hunger. Unfortunately, real life is far from perfect and is full of contradictions, and these very contradictions would be partially responsible for the fall of PT. Lula and Dilma’s governments were class conciliation governments. During their tenure, several companies grew strong and some even became monopolies, such as [Cogna educational]( https://www.forbes.com/companies/kroton-educacional/?sh=c4be0a468e82) (previously called Kroton Educational).  Cogna is the biggest company of its kind in the whole WORLD and operates in all kinds of educational levels, ranging from pre-school to post-graduation. It owns several private colleges in Brazil and it’s a good example on how Lula’s government operated.    The higher education in the country has always been discriminatory. Only the elites had access to it and so it was necessary to create public policies to allow more and more people to enter the college.  So the government created Programa Universidade para Todos (University for All Program) or PROUNI, which, together with a previous program, the Fundo de Financiamento ao Estudante do Ensino Superior (Higher Education Student Financing Fund) or simply FIES, served to finance entry into universities for low-income people. PROUNI offers partial (50%) or full scholarships while FIES only divides the debt into smaller parts, which means that it will still be the student who will pay for the course.  Thanks to these projects, college became something more accessible and popular. However, education companies also profited a lot and expanded. Kroton was one of them, which even bought other companies, becoming the giant that it is today.  But the bourgeois beast's hunger for profit knows no bounds, and soon companies began to pressure the state to privatize the rest of the public universities and turn all public education into private. This is an ongoing process that gained momentum after the 2016 coup (more on this later).   Similar processes happened in different areas, (public transport, medical, agribusiness, etc) but overall the bourgeoisie can’t profit properly if you have decent public services, and their profits don’t grow forever, especially during crisis, whether political or economic. These situations are NOT specific to Lula’s government – in fact, they are merely consequences of how capitalist countries work. Lula improved our life conditions a lot, fought directly against the dictatorship and, although he is not a radical anymore, his class conciliation government improved Brazil a lot and many people – communist included – have big respect for him. Lula left the government in 2010 with one of the biggest approval rates in the whole world.   #BRAZILIAN MILITARY POLICE Before we move on, I think it's important to talk about something that I left out. Earlier I mentioned that the dictatorship “didn’t end” because many institutions and power structures of the time were kept intact. One of these was the [police force](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_Police_(Brazil)). During the 90s, Brazil had several cases of police violence that shocked the country, the most famous being the [Candelária massacre]( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Candelária_massacre), when eight homeless people were murdered by cops next to a church, and the [Carandiru massacre](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carandiru_massacre), that happened after the police invaded a penitentiary following a prison riot and killed 111 prisoners. But these are just the worst cases, the truth is, Brazil never stopped killing and torturing people - the difference is that instead of torturing white middle class students, they are now killing exclusively black, poor people. This problem did NOT end during PT era, quite the [opposite](https://arte.folha.uol.com.br/graficos/xUIQu/). The number of people arrested only grew, there was not enough space for everyone in the prison facilities and the majority of the people arrested were poor black men. It was also during this era that initiatives such as UPP - Unidade de Polícia Pacificadora (Pacifying Police Units) were created. This programs was first implemented in Rio de Janeiro but inspired many other throughout the country. Basically, the idea was to counter drug dealers that terrorized the population and controlled favelas, but the result was a disaster, not only the drug dealers kept the control on certain territories, but the police brutality in these areas were off the charts. Growing up, it was common to see news about police incursions in favelas that ended up with 10+ deaths that the police claimed were all drug dealers but the population claimed otherwise. As if things were not bad enough, Brazil also has a militia problem. During the cold war, US and France trained death squads to fight against communists and the practices learned would later be adopted by the militias. One group in special, Scuderie Detetive Le Cocq, had a member that was elected using the slogan “Bandido bom é bandido morto!” (A good thief is a dead thief). They operate to this day and still torture and kill people, but they also exploit the population of the areas they control, charging "taxes" on all local businesses, intimidating those who oppose them and killing rival factions such as drug dealers. These groups are also involved in the killings of socialists and human rights defenders, one recent example was the [assassination of Marielle Franco](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assassination_of_Marielle_Franco), a black, bisexual , socialist woman that was assisting people in the favelas and fighting against police brutality. Her death in 2018 impacted the Brazilian society and is surrounded by controversy, including a [possible involvement of the current president, Jair Bolsonaro](https://www-brasildefato-com-br.translate.goog/2022/03/14/relembre-fatos-que-ligam-bolsonaro-a-milicianos-do-caso-marielle-quem-mandou-matar-vereadora?_x_tr_sl=pt&_x_tr_tl=en&_x_tr_hl=pt-BR&_x_tr_pto=wapp). #2013 - 2014 CRISIS In 2010, [Dilma Rousseff](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dilma_Rousseff) became the first woman to be Brazil’s president. She also fought against the dictatorship by joining Marxist guerrillas groups and was arrested and tortured. The fact that she was now the president was a big deal, even though she was no longer a Marxist. Dilma continued Lula’s class-conciliation policies. She had a good approval rate during her first term, Brazil’s economy was going well and the president implemented policies focusing on developing national industries. Unemployment was low and inflation was under control. Brazil was growing at lower rates compared to previous years, but it was still growing. [Source](https://www.ipea.gov.br/portal/images/stories/PDFs/conjuntura/cc21_completa.pdf) Unfortunately, problems started to arise. The economy growing at lower rates left the bourgeoisie discontented. In addition, the 2014 world cup would be in Brazil and it was necessary to carry out a series of infrastructure works to support the event. [Airports were privatized](https://web.archive.org/web/20110106144647/http://www.copa2014.org.br/noticias/6012/GOVERNO+DILMA+VAI+PRIVATIZAR+AEROPORTOS+PAULISTAS+DIZ+JORNAL.html) to accelerate this process and several other partnerships between the government and private companies were made to modify public transportation, stadiums and basic infrastructure. Public services, such as transportation, education and healthcare had definitely improved in the last 10 years, but were extremely precarious. So when the government started building things for the world cup, part of the population was dissatisfied.In June 2013, mainly due to high bus fares that would rise even more, protests spread across the country. It was the beginning of the "Jornadas de Junho", a series of protests led mainly by MPL or Movimento Passe Livre (Free Fare Movement) in several cities with the majority of the protestors being young Brazilians. They were characterized by a certain distrust of representatives of the institutional order such as parties and unions (under the control of PT back then), upheld values such as horizontality and non-partisanship and ultimately, represented a rupture with the left that PT represented. The mobilizations were not "controlled" and behaved parades we were used to, they used direct action and black block tactics which resulted in buses being destroyed and burned. These demonstrations were met with brutal repression by the police, which only intensified the protests. It was a turning point. It could have been the rise of far-left in Brazil, but it didn't happen. The media monopolies such as Globo tried to ignore and downplay it but it was impossible, so they started to co-opt it. The movement lost it focus on public transportation and started to advocate for better healthcare, better education and less corruption. It was common to see signs written "Não vai ter copa!" (There will be no World Cup!) and "Queremos hospitais padrão FIFA!" (We want FIFA-standard hospitals). So it is clear that initially, these protests were left-leaning, but things started to change. It became more and more common to see people denouncing black block activists, trying to conciliate with cops and displaying Brazil flags around. Some even started claiming they wanted the return of the military dictatorship. The far-right was co-opting the movement. The 2014 elections were tense, but Dilma managed to win against her opponent, Aécio Neves. a right wing candidate. He claimed the elections were frauded, even though he knew they weren't. In the end of 2014, a new political group was created: MBL or Movimento Brasil Livre (Free Brazil Movement). These young Brazilians for "political renovation" and "party-independence" but it nothing more than the good old economic liberalism overall coupled with socially conservative views. Their agitation relied heavily in memes and had an internet-like aesthetics. Keep these guys in mind. Political polarization only grew in Brazil and in 2015 we entered an actual economic crisis, which was not good. Inflation was rising, the GDP fell, unemployment was rising and the public debt was also growing.All this meant the bourgeoisie profit rate was falling too, so they started an offensive against the population: labor rights reductions, intensification of liberal policies such as privatizations, destructions of state-owned enterprises and much more. But they had one problem: Dilma, whose government, although not revolutionary, was far from the reactionary one the bourgeois needed. So they need to bring her down. #2016 DILMA'S IMPEACHMENT Corruption has always been a problem in Brazil, (in fact, it has always been a problem in every capitalist country ever). But after 2013 and 2014, corruption became one of the main topics of the country and an anti-corruption operation started: [Operação Lava Jato](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Car_Wash) (Operation Car Wash). This operation lasted until 2021, condemned more than 100 people and helped shaped political landscape like nothing else. This was an direct attack of the bourgeoisie and American imperialism on the Brazilian working class, and we will discuss this more in depth later. For now, it is important to know that corruption was a hot topic and that's exactly what they would try to use against Dilma. There is an economic policy that has been used by almost all Brazilian presidents called "[pedalada fiscal](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fiscal_pedaling)".. I won't get in detail here, not only because it is a bit complicated but because what matters is that this has been extensively used in Brazil, including by Dilma. Her impeachment was based on the claim that such policy is illegal and goes against the constitution, a.k.a. her impeachment was bullshit and this was actually a coup d'etat. The voting section was broadcasted live for the entire country and it was really fucking cringe. It doesn't matter if you're left wing, right wing, or an enlightened centrist, everyone watching that circus was dying inside. Politicians would come to vote and say shit like "For my family, for my son who has 2 years old  and my wife whom I love so much [etc etc], for God and the for the pride of our nation, I vote yes!". Glauber Braga, a leftists from the party for socialism and liberty (PSOL), was a highlight, calling Sérgio Moro -  the judge responsible for the Operation Car Wash - a thief and voting against the impeachment. But one person in that section did something extremely deranged. Not cringe, not funny, just straight up Nazi shit. He went to center of the room and said: ["For the memory of Colonel Carlos Alberto Brilhante Ustra, the terror of Dilma Rousseff, for the army of Caxias, for the Armed Forces, for Brazil above all and for God above all, my vote is yes"](https://www-bbc-com.translate.goog/portuguese/noticias/2016/04/160415_bolsonaro_ongs_oab_mdb?_x_tr_sl=pt&_x_tr_tl=en&_x_tr_hl=pt-BR&_x_tr_pto=wapp). Although he was already a meme in the internet for a while and some fascists loved him, no one took him seriously and most of the Brazilians didn't even knew him. This was the moment most Brazilians met Bolsonaro, right after he praised one of the torturers that was responsible for torturing Dilma. It was just a preview of what was about to come. That's it for today. In the next post I'll continue right after the 2016 coup and I'll also talk about recent imperialist activity. Please tell me if it's hard to read because of shitty/weird english, this is not my first language and the only way for me to improve is to know where I made a mistake. Extra sources: - https://lavrapalavra.com/2018/11/12/republica-louca-luta-de-classes-no-brasil-2013-2018-os-de-cima/ - The CIA: A forgotten history - William Blum, page 181-191
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This pic is Gustavo Petro, a left-wing presidential candidate in Colombia, being protected during a speech due to death threats. I know very little about what is going on, all I know is that he is leading the pools, is in the left and right wing in the country is desperate to defeat him. Do any of you know any place or text so I can inform myself? Like TeleSur etc
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Einstein supporting the USSR
I was replying to another [post about STEMs](https://lemmygrad.ml/post/207493?scrollToComments=true), when I found [this article](https://cdn.centerforinquiry.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2007/05/22164534/p49.pdf) criticizing Einstein's views of the USSR. It's only 5 pages so Iit's a very fast reading. It's funny af, an article about skeptcism and bias to be parroting anti-communist propaganda and comparing H*tler to Stalin without a hint of irony. Also, I knew he was a socialist but holy shit, he would 100% be called "tankie redfash" nowadays Anyway, here are the funniest parts: >Einstein refused to join or endorse an international commission headed by John Dewey to investigate the Moscow Show Trials (a consistent skeptic would seek both confirmatory and discrediting evidence) and would subsequently write to Max Born that “there are increasing signs the Russian trials are not faked, but that there is a plot among those who look upon Stalin as a stupid reactionary who has betrayed the ideas of the revolution” (quoted in Born 1971, p. 130). Born would later comment that most people in the West at the time believed the trials “to be the arbitrary acts of a cruel dictator.” Einstein, however, relied upon information from people he described as “those who know Russia best.” Based af >While Einstein’s writings, letters, and correspondence on this issue are scattered, his correspondence with the philosopher Sidney Hook on this specific issue is most enlightening (and disturbing). Liberal cope >Max Born (1971) also found Einstein’s views toward the Soviet Union “hard to reconcile” (p. 131). Hook (1987) summarizes that he “was mystified by Einstein’s failure to come to grips with the revelations of the victims of Stalin’s terror” (p. 478). More cope Libs are hanging out with nazis, shitheads like Churchil, Thatcher, Pinochet and Reagan while we hang out with chads like Fred Hampton, Mao, Lenin, Mandela and now Einstein
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Marxist youtubers worldwide!
YouTube is the second most accessed website in the world, and it is one of the most important ways to communicate with the masses. Thankfully, we have a lot of good Marxists utilizing this platform, such as Hakim and Yugopnik. The thing is, there are many more great Marxists youtubers out there that do not make videos in English or in a language all of us understand. For example, there are several Brazilian channels that, although aimed at the Brazilian population, have also great takes on other international subjects. By watching them, you guys who are not from here could also have a better understanding of what is going on here, and I could understand better what is going on in Russia, for example, by watching Russian comrades. Unfortunately, I don't speak Russian and many of you don't speak Portuguese. So I would like to propose something: This site, [Amara](https://amara.org/), allows you to link a YouTube video without downloading it and start adding subtitles immediately. It's a great tool and after you're finished, you download a file that can be easily added to your video almost instantly. Not only that, people can see the person and the language of the subtitles, and contribute with a different language in the same video too. I have created a Portuguese subtitles to [this Hakim video](https://amara.org/en/videos/9bxsF7FzZAGC/pt-br/3944824/) and someone can use this to create subtitles in Spanish for example. I think it would be great if we could start adding subtitles to videos that you see that have value and should be shared here. After that, it's just a matter of contacting the owner of the video and sending them the files. If you guys really like the idea, I saw that it's possible to create a "subtitle team". I have zero idea how that works, but maybe it's something worth looking. Maybe we could even have a community here just for this purpose.
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