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How does the labor market work under socialism?
cross-posted from: https://lemmy.ml/post/411395 > Every production system has a way to assign jobs to citizens. The basic idea is that the kinds of labor "required" by society for an efficient fulfillment of needs don't necessarily align with those that an unhindered free choice of jobs would afford. > > The way this is solved under capitalism is letting labor be a commodity, subject to market forces. Workers earn wages that are determined by the demand for their work and the availability of it. The difference in wages across jobs pushes us towards working jobs we otherwise wouldn't. > > I believe the importance of the job market is underestimated in past Marxist literature. It used to be the case that labor was expendable and interchangeable; the availability of any one kind of labor greatly surpassed demand, making wages just a way to keep the proletariat living and reproducing. > > However, with an increase in automation, those jobs have long ago disappeared in developed countries, and new ones are taking their place. Notably, these new jobs increasingly require training, which has the effect of making a worker unsuitable for all but their own specialized job. > > As a result, wages are now established mainly by market forces. If an employer can, by virtue of the rest of the economy, offer worse working conditions than minimally required by the workforce, they will. Conversely, if a particular kind of labor is sold for a higher price, the employer will oblige. > > As a special case that I'd like to mention, those that are very heavily demanded (e.g. public figures, elite sportsmen...) can get extremely high market prices for their labor. This is a new mechanic that has become more common. > > I'd like to discuss how a Socialist country would tackle the problem of job distribution, in a way that hopefully offers better guarantees than a free job market.

Elections for the supreme people's assembly in the DPRK: two questions
I have two questions regarding the election of the deputies to the supreme people's assembly in the DPRK. --- In the [English translation of the nation's constitution I'm using](https://www.hrnk.org/uploads/pdfs/DPRK_Constitution.pdf) (article 34.) it says: > The Supreme People's Assembly is composed of deputies elected on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot. And in the translation of the law document [*Deputy Elections for People's Assemblies at Each Level Law of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (2010)*](https://www.lawandnorthkorea.com/laws/deputy-elections-for-peoples-assemblies-at-each-level-law-2010) (article 5.) it says: > Deputy elections for People's Assemblies at each level shall be done by the method of secret ballot. Constituents shall be guaranteed the freedom of voting for or against. No one may require the publication of the fact of having voted for or against a constituent, and may not place pressure on or retaliate against someone related to the vote. And again in article 64.: > Votes shall be done by method of secret ballot. If constituents agree, they shall not make a marking, and if they oppose, they shall horizontally strike out the name of the candidate. And most most relevant to my question in article 65.: > In cases where constituents agree or make a mark of opposition in their vote, no one may enter or look into the polling rooms. All these articles seem to indicate to me that the vote is secret, and at the time of the casting of the vote no one else but the voter is allowed to be in the polling room. However [in videos depicting these elections](https://yewtu.be/watch?v=HbYItXAcV3M) we see some citizens entering the booth and casting their vote. This means there is a camera in the same room they are casting their vote. Doesn't this violate the principle of secret ballot stipulated by the constitution? One could argue that the citizen could have chosen to approve or reject a candidate in a separate room from where they cast their vote, but article 56. says this: > Polling rooms shall be set up by 3 days before the election day so that the confidentiality of votes can be guaranteed. The polling room shall have a polling box and writing supplies. Election halls may be decorated with things like flags and flowers. If writing supplies and a polling box are supposed to be in the same room then that means that they are supposed to choose to approve of reject a candidate in the same room they cast their vote, so that means that in the video we are able to see whether they approved or rejected the candidate (one leaves it empty to approve a candidate and crosses out their name to reject), which means the principle of secret ballot was violated. The citizens seen in the polling room all were wearing medals or pins, which leads me to believe they were members of a party or had some official position. Could that be the reason we see them, considering it's pretty obvious whether they are going to approve or reject a candidate? Q: Why do we see citizens in the video casting their vote, if the ballot is supposed to be secret? --- In many news it is said there is only one candidate per electoral precinct: - [https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-47492747](https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-47492747) - [https://www.scmp.com/video/asia/2189528/everyone-votes-there-no-choice-north-korean-elections](https://www.scmp.com/video/asia/2189528/everyone-votes-there-no-choice-north-korean-elections) Where can I find a source for whether or not there was more than one candidate up for election in each precinct? The document I mentioned earlier seems to indicate that there can be more than one candidate in a precinct up for election (otherwise why even make the election, besides serving as a census of the population?) (article 42 (Number of candidates for deputy to be registered at the electoral precinct)): > The number of candidates for deputy registered with each electoral precinct at deputy elections for People’s Assemblies at each level shall not be restricted. If there was only one candidate up for election in each precinct, why weren't there more? Article 35: > Candidates for deputy for People's Assemblies at each level shall be recommended directly by constituents, or recommended jointly or alone by the Party or by social organizations. The person making the recommendation must inform the recommended candidate for deputy to the district election committee. Article 36: > Candidates for deputy recommended for People's Assemblies at each level may only be registered as candidates for deputy in the relevant electoral precinct by going through a deliberation over their qualifications at a meeting of more than a hundred constituents. The constituent meeting for the deliberation on qualifications of candidates for deputy shall be organized by the district election committee. Article 39: > The registration of candidates for deputy by People's Assemblies at each level shall be decided by the agreement of more than half of the participants at the constituent meeting for deliberating on the qualifications of the candidates. Assuming that in article 35 "constituents" here means means members of the 100+ people chosen by the election committee (I'm assuming they are random citizens of the precinct, but I don't see anywhere anything about how those 100+ members of the constituent meeting are chosen, so this could be the source of my confusion), then citizens could bring up a potential candidate that they consider better represents them than the one brought forth by the DFRF. I would be surprised if that were the case and not have even a single instance where there was more than one candidate up for election (even if the country were to have an extremely unanimous view on who best represents them, I find it hard to imagine there isn't a single case where there was more than one candidate up for election). If we consider that the potential candidate has to be approved with a vote with an approval greater than 50% by the constituents in order to be registered as a candidate, then maybe one could say that maybe there were more potential candidates brought up but in the end it was decided to approve only one person to be registered as a candidate. But wouldn't that be an abuse of the system? I am interpreting the role of that constituent meeting to be the filtering out of candidates that do not meet the requirements to run for election, not to choose for the whole population of the precinct what candidate should win. Q: Do these elections really only have a single candidate up for election per precinct, and if yes, why aren't there more?

How are people who work for the a state exploited?
I was thinking about this and couldn't come to a conclusive answer. For example a teacher, a park ranger, a civil engineer, etc.
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What is the difference between colonialism and imperialism?
I've briefly read about the definition of imperialism according to Lenin but I'm still a bit fuzzy on the difference between them.
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What did Stalin mean by "Cannibalism"?
Here's the quote: "Anti-Semitism, as an extreme form of racial chauvinism, is the most dangerous vestige of cannibalism." So what exactly is meant by cannibalism in this case? Thanks in advance!
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LGBTQ rights in the USSR
Question is in the title. Where can I find information about gay and trans rights in the Soviet Union? Or if anyone would be able to share what they know. I understand it was decriminalized in 1917, but that's about it. I suppose sources about modern China and LGBTQ would be nice as well, post revolution and current. Very hard to find trustworthy sources.
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Why are some minorities so racist against other minorities?
I've never heard someone say the N word in person until today I think. One minority (aboriginal) telling me how something about blacks but using the N word instead of blacks/African-american. There are a lot of other smaller instances I've seen in my personal life too. I've never seen Indian versus Pakistan racism, but I would at least get why that might happen, since history. In public policy, the majority (caucasians) are prob the most racist here, but in casual conversation I might hear more minority vs minority racism. I think this partially might be because caucasians have it drilled into them (my city) that they have to not be racist in convo? I've never understood why some minority groups didn't come out to support black lives matter (here), but it seems to look like bc they don't care to help out blm bc its not explicitly minority-name-here lives matter ☹️
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What was so different about Romanian/Polish/Czech/Hungarian socialism that made so many of them seem more reactionary?
cross-posted from: https://lemmygrad.ml/post/324204 > Perhaps I’m making a generalization, but from what I hear these people were the most comfortable with Western ideas and bourgeoisie domination. Is this true, because the Imperial Core has awful lies about the USSR and I’d like to know more about the USSR accurately, even the Westernmost areas. I might as well toss GDR in as well, basically just lmk about Western USSR bc I have literally little to zero knowledge of the policy or differentiations of these SSRs, thanks
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Who are the lumpenproletariat?
I keep getting different definitions of lumpenproletariat every time I look it up.

Optimal ratio of left content to share on FB? To try to eventually radicalize FB friends
All my fb friends are normies. I figure something like 9 selfies to 1 left thing. If it's too many left things, everybody will unfollow.
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Does anyone have any good reading on Operation Osoaviakhim?
I'm trying to learn more about this topic because a friend of mine from Turtle Island brought it up and I don't know much about it.
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Tips for creating an org?
For a few years now i've been immeasurably disappointed (and had my day ruined) my supposed left organization. I've asked a lot of political friends over time if they want to create an org or do any praxis and they've always been too armchair socialist to be interested. Well good news! Finally met someone who said they're down! So since i've never made it this far, any pro tips? All i know is that we both agree on most left topics. Not sure what specific topic(s) we're gonna attempt to target
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Where do I start on learning revolutionary tactics?
I seek to contribute to the proletarian revolution. Currently, I contribute to ProleWiki, but I want to do more.
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Why do we want to arm the liberals again?
cross-posted from: https://lemmy.perthchat.org/post/41379 > The far left wants guns to protect against the right. The conservatives and libertarians already have guns. Only the liberals don't. Afaik. > > If we arm the liberals, what benefit is there?
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Fiction made for women/girls might have less libertarian values? Which might partially explain why women have more leftish values?
cross-posted from: https://lemmy.perthchat.org/post/37961 > Follow up to https://lemmy.perthchat.org/post/36465 > > I came across an interesting idea, which is the post title. > > Thoughts? > > If true, this might say something about why i know way more women with leftish values then men. > > Ex, romantic movies. 500 days of summer: protagonist isn't special in any way. > > Vs > > Avengers movies: literally the protagonists couldn't be more god's chosen hero. > > my hero academia and a lot of animes and green lantern: you can do anything if you have enough will power, regardless of the system around you. (Pull yourself up by your uwu boot straps)
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Western fiction emphasizes libertarian values. Any fiction that emphasizes other values?
A lot of Western fiction goes along the lines of: the world's in danger and since you're God's chosen person, only you can save the world. You don't require that much assistance from anybody else because you pulled yourself up by your own bootstraps Even if it involves a team, it's like a team off like 10 people, that the protagonist had to pull together in some way shape or form due to their personal charisma or something. In real life, to take down the evil dictator or whatever it needs a lot more than 10 people, and since you're not God's chosen person, you could even die. Additionally a lot of Western fiction places big emphasis on money. The protagonist will have access to very expensive equipment frequently. The evil dictator is basically straight out of a psych ward, which I guess is not offend conservatives, but It's rare that the evil dictator is even racist. Like Trump would make a great villain. This is kind of a follow-up to my personal branding question. But basically protagonists have done a great job with personal branding. --- I think it would help our cause a lot if there was fiction that emphasized basically the opposite of what I listed above. And it should go mainstream. Any examples of good fiction? Especially if it's free and visual
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Is personal branding a function of capitalism?
A lot of people are trying to get some kind of fame online. It could be people trying to imitate their favorite Instagram celebrity. Obviously people would like to be in a similar position as that celebrity. But some people spend a lot of hours per day trying to take really good selfies and probably won't ever get fame or fortune. It does strike me as kind of a libertarian kind of thing.
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Why isn't there a mainstream "all landlords are bastards" or something similar?
cross-posted from: https://lemmy.ml/post/323451 > In the west I get that we simp for landlords, but I've never even heard of like a Cuban anti landlord movement or ussr or whatnot.

Try to bring cryptobros/libertarian to our side since the crypto market is nuked right now?
cross-posted from: https://lemmy.perthchat.org/post/31862 > Everyday is a new day and there are new potentially low hanging fruit to radicalize - what about cryptobros? > > Judging from the subreddit, a lot of them are banking their 1000$ oncrypto to try to get a better standard of living. 1000$ and only a 1000 and they had to save up for months/weeks to have that amount of expendable cash. > > Libertarians like things like entrepreneurship and venture capitalism eh? What about... like venture leftism? Tell them starting up a union is like being a business owner! (union bosses make a lot more money than regular workers right?). > > Venture neighborhood community pod might be harder since they're not making much money from that. But something like "youre so dashing charismatic, instead of using your money, you use your charisma to build an organization and then put that on your resume and apply to be a ceo. Plus women dig that." > > I'm not sure how to try to appeal to them properly, or how to even go about contacting them in an effective manner (ex a self post on r/cryptocurrency?)
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